The Russian Duma recently approved the bill (in its final form) concerning Moscow’s residential face-lift. Up to 7,900 aging apartment blocks (a full 10% of the city’s housing) is set to be torn down and replaced with high-rise apartments. Most of them are the so-called “Khrushchevka” flats (after the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev), prefabricated five-story buildings, built during the Soviet housing boom of the 1950s and 1960s. These are apartments with thin walls, low ceilings and generally poor architectural design. The project, which is considered one of the largest urban resettlement programs in history as 1.6 million people will be resettled, is estimated to cost around 300 billion rubles ($5.3 billion) over three years. However, officials project the longer-term cost of relocating and rehousing the residents over 20 years will be at least $53 billion.