A London-based architecture firm says it can eliminate the shadows that buildings cast over urban areas starved of sunlight. The firm devised a plan to build paired skyscrapers in such a way that sunlight reflected by one fills in the shadow of the other. Thought the shadow of the reflecting building would remain, calculations show that the concept would reduce the total amount of shade produced by the buildings by up to 60 percent, according to the NBBJ firm.
The construction site of the 33-storey student accommodation building at Miles Street, London was too tight to fit a piling rig, thus the engineering team adopted an alternative piled raft foundation solution for the building's support.
As London’s population has doubled from 4 million in the 1860s to 8 million and counting by 2015, the old Victorian sewers, although in excellent condition, cannot handle the huge amount of waste anymore. As a result, even a few millimeters of rain are enough for the system to exceed its capacity and about 1.2 million tons of untreated sewage waste are dumped straight into the River Thames each year.
This massive upgrade of the existing Underground system involves 40 Crossrail stations including 10 new ones, connected via brand-new tunnels. It will start its service in late 2018, and be fully operational by 2020.